All About Hip Replacement Surgery.

All About Hip Replacement SurgeryTotal hip replacement surgery is so much known yet so little understood. Here is St Pete Hip and Knee care center’s all about hip replacement guide to help patients prepare for the procedure.

Definition

Hip replacement surgery is the surgical removal of a diseased or damaged hip joint and substituting it with a biocompatible artificial hip joint (prosthesis) implant that is resistant to wear, degradation and corrosion. The prosthesis is a combination of a ball segment and a socket segment (both made of metal, plastic or ceramic).

Why it is done

Total hip replacement is performed to eliminate persistent pain and restore the normal function and mobility of the hip joint. Terrible joint damages by osteoarthritis, bone tumors, broken hips, Osteo-necrosis, and rheumatoid arthritis, will usually require total hip replacement after medications, exercise, physical therapy, and walking support fails.

Symptoms Indicative of Hip replacement Surgery

  • Unremitting pain, even after taking pain medication
  • Night-time pains and sleeplessness
  • Trouble with standing from a seated position, climbing stairs
  • Aggravation of pain when walking, even when using walking support
  • Limited mobility
  • Joint pain even when at rest or lying down

Risks of Hip replacement

The process is often harmless, but may have a few, controllable complications. The risks include:

  • Blood clots caused by pressure on veins and reduced movement. Risk reduced through using blood thinners, exercise, and elastic stockings.
  • Joint stiffening: remedied by radiation therapy or medications
  • Fracture and dislocation: corrected with wires, bone grafts, cables and braces.
  • Loosening: corrected by another surgery
  • Infections at the surgical site or in deeper tissues. Treated using antibiotics or prosthesis replacement surgery.
  • Prosthesis breakage, wear and tear: corrected through another surgery

How to Prepare

Patients should schedule a meeting with their surgeon before the surgery to ask all their questions about the procedure. Orthopedic surgeons will conduct scrupulous physical examination, hip examination, review of overall health, and may order a number of tests, x-ray and even MRI. Surgeons may also recommend a pre-operative exercise for their patients.

What to Expect During Hip Replacement

Hip Replacement SurgeryAfter the patient turns in for the surgery, he or she will remove the clothes and put on a gown in readiness for the operation. General anesthetics and preventive medications will be administered before the surgery. Using minimally invasive techniques, the surgeon will make an incision on the hip’s side or front, remove all diseases surfaces, cartilage and bones, and replace them with new artificial hip joint. After the operation, the patient will be taken to the recovery area for about 2 hours before going to the hospital room. The patient takes a few days to recover in the hospital. It is during these days that blood clotting is prevented through early mobilization, blood thinning medications and pressure application while a physical therapist trains the patient about ways to exercise the leg.

Home Recovery

While at home, the patient should be under care of a relative or friend who helps out with mobility exercises and making meals. The patient should keep essential items at a high level to avoid stressing the hip. A follow-up appointment should be made 6-8 weeks after the total hip replacement surgery to ensure that the recovery is monitored.

Results

Hip replacement surgery is safe and effective, having success rates of 90%. You should go for the surgery with full confidence, knowing that your pain will go away and you will recover full mobility. After hip replacement, you will be able to involve in low impact activities such as playing golf, walking and riding bikes, but not in high impact activities such as playing soccer or basketball. That is it: all about hip replacement at St Pete Hip and Knee care clinic. For more information, call or visit us at St Pete Hip and Knee in St Petersburg, Florida.

Kurt Hirshorn MD of Tampa Hip and Knee guarantees expertise and compassion when caring for his patients, and ensures a good hospital stay. Schedule an appointment today or call us at (813) 377-4445.
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